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Water Res. 2013 Jul 1;47(11):3624-34. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.04.023. Epub 2013 Apr 24.

Superparamagnetic magnesium ferrite nanoadsorbent for effective arsenic (III, V) removal and easy magnetic separation.

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  • 1Environment Functional Materials Division, Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, PR China.

Abstract

By doping a proper amount of Mg(2+) (~10%) into α-Fe2O3 during a solvent thermal process, ultrafine magnesium ferrite (Mg0.27Fe2.50O4) nanocrystallites were successfully synthesized with the assistance of in situ self-formed NaCl "cage" to confine their crystal growth. Their ultrafine size (average size of ~3.7 nm) and relatively low Mg-content conferred on them a superparamagnetic behavior with a high saturation magnetization (32.9 emu/g). The ultrafine Mg0.27Fe2.50O4 nanoadsorbent had a high specific surface area of ~438.2 m(2)/g, and demonstrated a superior arsenic removal performance on both As(III) and As(V) at near neutral pH condition. Its adsorption capacities on As(III) and As(V) were found to be no less than 127.4 mg/g and 83.2 mg/g, respectively. Its arsenic adsorption mechanism was found to follow the inner-sphere complex mechanism, and abundant hydroxyl groups on its surface played the major role in its superior arsenic adsorption performance. It could be easily separated from treated water bodies with magnetic separation, and could be easily regenerated and reused while maintaining a high arsenic removal efficiency. This novel superparamagnetic magnesium ferrite nanoadsorbent may offer a simple single step adsorption treatment option to remove arsenic contamination from water without the pre-/post-treatment requirement for current industrial practice.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23726698
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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