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J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2013 Apr;6(2):78-82. doi: 10.4103/0974-2700.110747.

Bioterrorism education effect on knowledge and attitudes of nurses.

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  • 1Department of Medical Surgical, Nasibeh Nursing and Midwifery School, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

The most important way against bioterrorism is reinforcement of knowledge of health and medical team to diagnose and rapid reaction during these events.

AIMS:

To assess the effect of bioterrorism education on knowledge and attitudes of nurses.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN:

the setting of study was one of the infectious disease wards, emergency rooms or internal wards of the hospitals under supervision of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In this pre-experimental study, 65 nurses who had all inclusion criteria are selected by accessible sampling method. Data on nurses knowledge and attitudes toward bioterrorism were collected using a self-administered questionnaire before and after two two-h sessions education. After a month of education, the units responded to questionnaire again.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED:

A descriptive statistics Wilcoxon tests and Spearman correlation coefficient were used.

RESULTS:

Before education, the majority of units (96.9%) had low knowledge about bioterrorism (0-33.3% score of 100%),whereas after education, the majority of them (100%) had good knowledge(well done) (66.7-100% score of 100%). And majority of units (96.9%) before education had indifferent attitude toward bioterrorism (33.4-66.6% score of 100%), whereas a majority of them (98.5%) after education had positive attitude (66.7-100% score of 100%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The education has a positive effect on nurses' knowledge and attitudes and it can be a guideline for administrators of the Ministry of Health and medicine for planning to achieve the goals of preventive and defense against bioterrorism.

KEYWORDS:

Attitudes; bioterrorism; education; knowledge; nurse

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