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Inflamm Res. 2013 Aug;62(8):781-9. doi: 10.1007/s00011-013-0635-y. Epub 2013 May 31.

Vitamin E protects chondrocytes against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in vitro.

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  • 1National Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, 87-West Canal Bank Road, Lahore, 53700, Pakistan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN:

This study evaluated the effect of an antioxidant, Vitamin E, on cultured chondrocytes against H₂O₂-induced damage in vitro.

MATERIAL:

Rat chondrocytes isolated from articular cartilage.

TREATMENT:

Chondrocytes were pretreated with either 50 or 100 μM Vitamin E or serum-free medium for 24 h followed by their exposure to 200 μM H₂O₂ for 3 h. Chondrocytes without exposure to H₂O₂ served as control group.

METHODS:

The effect of Vitamin E pretreatment was evaluated by examining proteoglycan contents, nitrite levels, viability, apoptosis, and senescence of cultured chondrocytes.

RESULTS:

Proteoglycan contents increased in groups treated with Vitamin E. Semi-quantitative real-time PCR data also correlated with these results and demonstrated that Vitamin E up-regulated expression of Agc1, Col2a1, and PCNA genes along with down-regulation in the expression of Col1a1 and Casp3 genes. The differentiation index improved after Vitamin E pretreatment. Nitrite levels were reduced with a corresponding increase in cell viability. Reduction in apoptosis and senescence was also observed after Vitamin E pretreatment. Moreover, a dose-dependent effect of Vitamin E was seen. In contrast to 50 μM Vitamin E, 100 μM was more potent in inducing protection of chondrocytes from H₂O₂-induced oxidative damage.

CONCLUSION:

Vitamin E reversed the oxidant-induced alterations in chondrocytes and may be a good option to pretreat chondrocytes before transplantation.

PMID:
23722449
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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