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Comput Math Methods Med. 2013;2013:134208. doi: 10.1155/2013/134208. Epub 2013 Apr 22.

A simplified 3D model of whole heart electrical activity and 12-lead ECG generation.

Author information

  • 1University of Zagreb, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia. sinisa.sovilj@fer.hr

Abstract

We present a computationally efficient three-dimensional bidomain model of torso-embedded whole heart electrical activity, with spontaneous initiation of activation in the sinoatrial node, incorporating a specialized conduction system with heterogeneous action potential morphologies throughout the heart. The simplified geometry incorporates the whole heart as a volume source, with heart cavities, lungs, and torso as passive volume conductors. We placed four surface electrodes at the limbs of the torso: V R , V L , V F and V GND and six electrodes on the chest to simulate the Einthoven, Goldberger-augmented and precordial leads of a standard 12-lead system. By placing additional seven electrodes at the appropriate torso positions, we were also able to calculate the vectorcardiogram of the Frank lead system. Themodel was able to simulate realistic electrocardiogram (ECG) morphologies for the 12 standard leads, orthogonal X, Y, and Z leads, as well as the vectorcardiogram under normal and pathological heart states. Thus, simplified and easy replicable 3D cardiac bidomain model offers a compromise between computational load and model complexity and can be used as an investigative tool to adjust cell, tissue, and whole heart properties, such as setting ischemic lesions or regions of myocardial infarction, to readily investigate their effects on whole ECG morphology.

PMID:
23710247
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3654639
Free PMC Article
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