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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2013 Nov;63(Pt 11):4006-11. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.052340-0. Epub 2013 May 24.

Gracilimonas rosea sp. nov., isolated from tropical seawater, and emended description of the genus Gracilimonas.

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  • 1Microbial Oceanography Laboratory, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, and Research Institute of Oceanography, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea.


A Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, spore-forming, rod-shaped, marine bacterial strain, CL-KR2(T), was isolated from tropical seawater near Kosrae, an island in the Federated States of Micronesia. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain CL-KR2(T) revealed a clear affiliation with the genus Gracilimonas. Based on phylogenetic analysis, strain CL-KR2(T) showed the closest phylogenetic relationship to Gracilimonas tropica CL-CB462(T), with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 96.6 %. DNA-DNA relatedness between strain CL-KR2(T) and G. tropica CL-CB462(T) was 6.7 % (reciprocal 9.5 %). Strain CL-KR2(T) grew in the presence of 1-20 % sea salts and the optimal salt concentration was 3.5-5 %. The temperature and pH optima for growth were 35 °C and pH 7.5. The major cellular fatty acids (≥10.0 %) of strain CL-KR2(T) were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1ω7c) and iso-C17 : 1ω9c and the only isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phospholipid, two unidentified glycolipids and two unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain CL-KR2(T) was 43.2 mol%. The combined phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data showed that strain CL-KR2(T) could be distinguished from the only member of the genus Gracilimonas with a validly published name. Thus, strain CL-KR2(T) should be assigned to a novel species in the genus Gracilimonas, for which the name Gracilimonas rosea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CL-KR2(T) ( = KCCM 90206(T) = JCM 18898(T)).

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