Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Perinatol. 2013 Oct;33(10):778-82. doi: 10.1038/jp.2013.59. Epub 2013 May 23.

Every 36-h gentamicin dosing in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy receiving hypothermia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the impact of a change in the empiric gentamicin dose from 5 mg kg(-1) every 24 h (Q24 h period) to 5 mg kg every 36 h (Q36 h period) on target drug concentration achievement in neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) receiving therapeutic hypothermia.

STUDY DESIGN:

Gentamicin drug concentrations in neonates with HIE receiving therapeutic hypothermia were examined during two time periods in a retrospective chart review. During the initial treatment period (November 2007 to March 2010; n=29), neonates received Q24 h period. During the second treatment period (January 2011 to May 2012; n=23), the dose was changed to Q36 h period. Cooling criteria and protocol remained the same between treatment periods. Gentamicin drug concentrations including achievement of target trough concentrations (<2 mg l(-1)) were compared between treatment periods. Individual Bayesian estimates of gentamicin clearance were also compared.

RESULT:

Neonates with an elevated trough concentration >2 mg l(-1) decreased from 38 to 4% with implementation of a Q36-h dosing interval (P<0.007). The mean gentamicin trough concentration was 2.0 ± 0.8 mg l(-1) during the Q24 h period and 0.9 ± 0.4 mg l(-1) during the Q36 h period (P<0.001). Peak concentrations were minimally impacted (Q24 h 11.4 ± 2.3 mg l(-1) vs Q36 h 10.0 ± 1.9 mg l(-1); P=0.05). The change in gentamicin trough concentration could not be accounted for by differences in gentamicin clearance between treatment periods (P=0.9).

CONCLUSION:

A 5 mg kg(-1) every 36-h gentamicin dosing strategy in neonates with HIE receiving therapeutic hypothermia improved achievement of target trough concentration <2 mg l(-1), while still providing high peak concentration exposure.

PMID:
23702622
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3762884
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk