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Diabetes Obes Metab. 2013 Nov;15(11):1013-21. doi: 10.1111/dom.12132. Epub 2013 Jun 12.

GSK256073, a selective agonist of G-protein coupled receptor 109A (GPR109A) reduces serum glucose in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1GlaxoSmithKline, Drug Discovery, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA.

Abstract

AIMS:

This clinical trial assessed whether a potent, selective GPR109A agonist, GSK256073, could, through inhibition of lipolysis, acutely improve glucose homeostasis in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

METHODS:

Thirty-nine diabetic subjects were enrolled in the randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, three-period crossover trial. Each subject received placebo and two of four regimens of GSK256073 for 2 days. GSK256073 was dosed 5 mg every 12 h before breakfast and supper (BID), 10 mg every 24 h before breakfast (QD), 25 mg BID and 50 mg QD.

RESULTS:

The change from baseline weighted mean glucose concentration for an interval from 24 to 48 h after the initial drug dose was significantly reduced for all GSK256073 regimens, reaching a maximum of -0.87 mmol/l (-1.20, -0.52) with the 25 mg BID dose. Sustained suppression of non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) and glycerol concentrations was observed with all GSK256073 doses throughout the 48-h dosing period. Serum insulin and C-peptide concentrations fell in concert with glucose concentrations and calculated HOMA-IR scores decreased 27-47%, consistent with insulin sensitization. No marked differences were evident between either 10 and 50 mg total daily doses or QD versus BID dosing.

CONCLUSIONS:

Administration of a GPR109A agonist for 2 days significantly decreased serum NEFA and glucose concentrations in diabetic subjects. Glucose improvements were associated with decreased insulin concentrations and measures of enhanced insulin sensitivity. Improved glucose control occurred with GSK256073 doses that were generally safe and not associated with events of flushing or gastrointestinal disturbances.

© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

KEYWORDS:

GPR109A; GSK256073; HM74A; clinical trial; niacin receptor

PMID:
23701262
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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