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J Endocrinol Invest. 2013 Nov;36(10):869-75. doi: 10.3275/8972. Epub 2013 May 22.

Associations between two single nucleotide polymorphisms of the adiponectin gene, its circulating concentrations and cardiometabolic risk factors in prepubertal children with and without abdominal obesity.

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  • 1Department of Paediatrics and Medical Genetics, Varna Medical University, 55, Marin Drinov str., Varna 9002, Bulgaria.



The adiponectin gene has been identified as a susceptibility locus for metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.


To examine the influence of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of this gene (+276G>T and +45T>G) on circulating adiponectin concentrations, and to evaluate their relationship with adiposity and cardiometabolic risk factors in prepubertal children with and without abdominal obesity.


168 children (78M, 6-10 yr) were examined, divided into three groups based on waist circumference (WC). Auxological and biochemical parameters were measured by standard procedures. Adiponectin SNPs were genotyped using TaqMan allelic discrimination assays.


Adiponectin concentration correlated inversely with measures of adiposity (rBMIz-score=-0.211, pBMIz-score=0.007; rwc=-0.210, pwc=0.008; rwc/height=-0.215, pwc/height=0.006), and was significantly influenced by blood glucose, insulin and systolic blood pressure (SBP). The +276T-allele carriers had higher SBP and diastolic BP compared to GG-homozygotes (p<0.05), and expressed higher obesity-related measures and lower adiponectin concentrations. As to the +45T>G SNP, the GGsubject had higher total cholesterol and LDL-C concentrations compared to the T-allele carriers (p<0.05), showing worse obesity measures, higher triglyceride, glucose and insulin and lower serum adiponectin values.


Genetic variants of the adiponectin gene had an impact on adiposity, adiponectin concentrations and some cardiometabolic variables among prepubertal children.

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