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Fitoterapia. 2013 Sep;89:58-67. doi: 10.1016/j.fitote.2013.05.009. Epub 2013 May 16.

Glycosylsphingolipids from Euonymus japonicus Thunb.

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  • 1National Center for Natural Products Research, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, The University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS 38677, USA. mudaek@gmail.com


The stem bark of Euonymus japonicus Thunb. led to the isolation of three new glycosylsphingolipids (1-3), 1-O-[-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]-(2S,3R,9E)-2-N-[(2R)-hydroxystearoyl]-octadecasphinga-9-ene (euojaposphingoside A, 1), 1-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]-(2S,3R,4R,11E)-2-N-[(2R)-hydroxydocasanoyl]-octadecasphinga-11-ene (euojaposphingoside B, 2), 1-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl]-2'-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl]-(2S,3R,4R,11E)-2-N-[(2R)-hydroxytetracosanoyl]-octadecasphinga-11-ene (euojaposphingoside C, 3) along with three known glycosylsphingolipids (4-6), 1-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl]-(2S,3R,9E)-3-hydroxymethyl-2-N-[(2R)-hydroxynonacosanoyl)-tridecasphinga-9-ene (4), 1-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl]-(2S,3R,9E,12E)-2-N-[(2R)-hydroxytetracosanoyl] octadecasphinga-9,12-diene (5), 1-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl]-(2S,3R,5R,9E)-2-N-[tridecanoyl] nonacosasphinga-9-ene (6), lupeol (7), stigmasterol (8), sitosterol (β and α) (9,10) and β-carotene (11). The structure of all the compounds was achieved by spectroscopic and chemical data analysis. The antiplasmodial, antileismanial and cytotoxic activity of all compounds was tested.

Published by Elsevier B.V.


Euonymus japonicus; Glycosylsphingolipids; Sphingolipids

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