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Nanoscale. 2013 Jun 21;5(12):5582-8. doi: 10.1039/c3nr00831b.

Morphology control of ceria nanocrystals for catalytic conversion of CO2 with methanol.

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  • 1Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, PR China.


This paper describes the synthesis of ceria catalysts with octahedron, nanorod, nanocube and spindle-like morphologies via a template-free hydrothermal method. The surface morphologies, crystal plane and physical-chemical structures were investigated via field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia and carbon dioxide (NH3-TPD and CO2-TPD). The catalytic performance over these ceria catalysts with different exposed planes were tested for dimethyl carbonate (DMC) synthesis from CO2 and methanol. The results showed that the spindle-like CeO2 showed the highest DMC yields, followed by nano-rods, nano-cubes and nano-octahedrons. A synergism among the exposed (111) plane, defect sites, and acid-basic sites was proposed to be crucial to obtaining the high reactivity of DMC formation.

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