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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2013 Aug;45(8):1538-45. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2013.05.004. Epub 2013 May 13.

The orphan nuclear receptor small heterodimer partner negatively regulates pancreatic beta cell survival and hyperglycemia in multiple low-dose streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic mice.

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  • 1Laboratory Animal Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-806, Republic of Korea.


The small heterodimer partner (SHP; NR0B2) regulates the transcription of a variety of target genes and controls a variety of physiological functions in various tissues. However, the role of SHP in beta cell has not been fully determined yet. We used SHP knockout (SHP KO) mice to investigate the role of SHP in multiple low-dose streptozotocin (MLDS)-induced diabetes. Blood glucose and insulin levels were measured until 20 days, and intraperitoneal glucose tolerance and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion tests were performed. The expression of apoptotic genes and beta cell markers were detected by quantitative realtime-polymerase chain reaction, immunostaining and western blot analysis. SHP KO mice showed significantly lower blood glucose, higher insulin levels, and enhanced glucose tolerance compared with wild type (WT) mice after MLDS treatment. Moreover, beta cell mass and pancreatic insulin content were remarkably increased in SHP KO mice. In the response to glucose stimulation, islets of SHP KO showed increased insulin secretion via up-regulation of beta cell enriched transcription factors compared to WT mice after streptozotocin (STZ) treatment. In quantification for beta cell apoptosis at day 1 post STZ treatment, the SHP KO mice showed significantly increased anti-apoptotic gene expression and decreased release of apoptotic markers cytochrome c, smac/diablo, and only a few apoptotic beta cells were found in SHP KO pancreas through inactivation of caspase-3, compared to those of WT. These data demonstrate that SHP deficiency ameliorates hyperglycemia and preserves islet function by inhibiting apoptosis of pancreatic beta cells and up-regulating of their enriched transcriptional factors.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Beta cell apoptosis; Diabetes; GSIS; Insulin; PDX-1; SHP; STZ; Small heterodimer partner; Streptozotocin; glucose-stimulated insulin secretion; pancreatic duodenal homeobox factor 1; small heterodimer partner; streptozotocin

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