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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2013 Apr;87(4):043112. Epub 2013 Apr 25.

Comparison between x-ray scattering and velocity-interferometry measurements from shocked liquid deuterium.

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  • 1Department of Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3PU, United Kingdom.


The equation of state of light elements is essential to understand the structure of Jovian planets and inertial confinement fusion research. The Omega laser was used to drive a planar shock wave in the cryogenically cooled deuterium, creating warm dense matter conditions. X-ray scattering was used to determine the spectrum near the boundary of the collective and noncollective scattering regimes using a narrow band x-ray source in backscattering geometry. Our scattering spectra are thus sensitive to the individual electron motion as well as the collective plasma behavior and provide a measurement of the electron density, temperature, and ionization state. Our data are consistent with velocity-interferometry measurements previously taken on the same shocked deuterium conditions and presented by K. Falk et al. [High Energy Density Phys. 8, 76 (2012)]. This work presents a comparison of the two diagnostic systems and offers a detailed discussion of challenges encountered.

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