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Dis Esophagus. 2013 May-Jun;26(4):388-91. doi: 10.1111/dote.12048.

Dynamic esophageal stents.

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  • 1Digestive Surgery and Endoscopy Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, 00165 Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Esophageal stenting represents a new strategy in the treatment of resistant or recurrent stenosis that obviates the need for multiple dilations. Our custom dynamic stent (DS) improves esophageal motility unlike the widespread self-expandable plastic or metallic esophageal stents. The DS allows food and secretions to pass in the space between the esophageal wall and the stent wall. This contrasts with the other types of stent, in which food passes into the stent that presses into the esophageal wall. Until the stent patent is complete, we use slices of silicon drains overlapped with each other to fashion the stent to the desired length and diameter (7-, 9-, or 12.7-mm external diameter). It is built coaxially on a nasogastric tube that guarantees the correct position. The two ends are tailored to allow an easy introduction and food passage between stent and esophageal wall. The stent is inserted after stricture dilations (Savary-Gilliard dilators) under fluoroscopic guidance. All patients who underwent stenting were treated with dexamethasone (2 mg/kg/day) for 3 days and proton pump inhibitors (omeprazole or lansoprazole, 1-2 mg/kg/day). From 1992 to 2012, 387 patients (mean age 38.6 months; range 3-125 months) with post-surgical esophageal stricture because of esophageal atresia correction were enrolled in this study. Twenty-six of 387 patients (6.7%) underwent custom DS placement for recurrent stricture instead of a program of serial dilations. The stent was left in place for at least 40 days and was effective in 21 (80.7%) of 26 patients. There were two stent-related major complications (subclavian-esophageal fistula). Our custom stent represents an effective and safe option in the treatment of severe and recurrent post-surgical esophageal strictures. Surgery with stricture resection, and reanastomosis or jeunoplasty represents the rescue strategy.

© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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