Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2013 Jul 15;305(2):R118-25. doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.00178.2013. Epub 2013 May 15.

Ca²⁺-pumping impairment during repetitive fatiguing contractions in single myofibers: role of cross-bridge cycling.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. lnogueira@ucsd.edu

Abstract

The energy cost of contractions in skeletal muscle involves activation of both actomyosin and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca²⁺-pump (SERCA) ATPases, which together determine the overall ATP demand. During repetitive contractions leading to fatigue, the relaxation rate and Ca²⁺ pumping become slowed, possibly because of intracellular metabolite accumulation. The role of the energy cost of cross-bridge cycling during contractile activity on Ca²⁺-pumping properties has not been investigated. Therefore, we inhibited cross-bridge cycling by incubating isolated Xenopus single fibers with N-benzyl-p-toluene sulfonamide (BTS) to study the mechanisms by which SR Ca²⁺ pumping is impaired during fatiguing contractions. Fibers were stimulated in the absence (control) and presence of BTS and cytosolic calcium ([Ca²⁺]c) transients or intracellular pH (pHi) changes were measured. BTS treatment allowed normal [Ca²⁺]c transients during stimulation without cross-bridge activation. At the time point that tension was reduced to 50% in the control condition, the fall in the peak [Ca²⁺]c and the increase in basal [Ca²⁺]c did not occur with BTS incubation. The progressively slower Ca²⁺ pumping rate and the fall in pHi during repetitive contractions were reduced during BTS conditions. However, when mitochondrial ATP supply was blocked during contractions with BTS present (BTS + cyanide), there was no further slowing in SR Ca²⁺ pumping during contractions compared with the BTS-alone condition. Furthermore, the fall in pHi was significantly less during the BTS + cyanide condition than in the control conditions. These results demonstrate that factors related to the energetic cost of cross-bridge cycling, possibly the accumulation of metabolites, inhibit the Ca²⁺ pumping rate during fatiguing contractions.

KEYWORDS:

Ca2+ uptake rate; cross-bridge cycling; fatigue; glycolysis; oxidative phophorylation; skeletal muscle

PMID:
23678027
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3726998
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk