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Am J Stem Cells. 2013 Mar 8;2(1):62-73. Print 2013.

Effect of extracorporeal shock wave on proliferation and differentiation of equine adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells in vitro.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Veterinary -Anatomy, -Histology, and -Embryology, Justus-Liebig University of Giessen Germany.

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells are regarded as common cellular precursors of the musculoskeletal tissue and are responsible for tissue regeneration in the course of musculoskeletal disorders. In equine veterinary medicine extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is used to optimize healing processes of bone, tendon and cartilage. Nevertheless, little is known about the effects of the shock waves on cells and tissues. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of focused ESWT on the viability, proliferation, and differentiation capacity of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) and to explore its effects on gap junctional communication and the activation of signalling cascades associated with cell proliferation and differentiation. ASCs were treated with different pulses of focused ESWT. Treated cells showed increased proliferation and expression of Cx43, as detected by means of qRT-PCR, histological staining, immunocytochemistry and western blot. At the same time, cells responded to ESWT by significant activation (phosphorylation) of Erk1/2, detected in western blots. No significant effects on the differentiation potential of the ASCs were evident. Taken together, the present results show significant effects of shock waves on stem cells in vitro.

KEYWORDS:

Horse; differentiation; proliferation; shock wave; stem cell

PMID:
23671817
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3636727
Free PMC Article

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