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Appl Opt. 2013 May 1;52(13):3058-65. doi: 10.1364/AO.52.003058.

Generation of a uniform-square focal spot by a compound lens for solar concentration applications.

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  • 1Department of Photonics, Feng Chia University, No. 100 Wenhward, Seatwen, Taichung City 40724, Taiwan.


This paper describes a compound lens for solar photovoltaic system applications, which is composed of a front aspheric or Fresnel surface and a back array of concave surfaces. In contrast to earlier designs, the proposed method can simultaneously focus and shape sun light into a uniform-square pattern on the solar cell. For a square solar cell, this approach can maximize the solar cell's opto-electric conversion efficiency by enhancing the concentrated pattern's uniformity. In this article, the theoretical models of the beam shaping focused lens is derived and then compared with experimental data. The tolerance in assembling the component of the concentrator is also analyzed and the corresponding simulation and experimental results are discussed in detail.

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