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Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2013 Jul;52(7):661-6. doi: 10.1177/0009922813488645. Epub 2013 May 9.

Incidence of serious bacterial infections in febrile children with sickle cell disease.

Author information

  • 1Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA. nbansil@llu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the incidence of serious bacterial infections in febrile children with sickle cell disease and to describe the outcomes of children discharged from the pediatric emergency department.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective chart review of 188 febrile patients with sickle cell disease presenting to our pediatric emergency department over a 10-year period. Serious bacterial infection was defined as bacteremia, meningitis, urinary tract infection, osteomyelitis, or pneumonia.

RESULTS:

Our overall incidence rate for serious bacterial infections was 16.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 10.8% to 21.2%). Pneumonia had the highest incidence rate of 13.8% (95% CI = 8.8% to 18.8%). This was followed by bacteremia and urinary tract infections, both with incidence rates of 1.1% (95% CI = 0.0% to 2.5%). We had no cases of meningitis or osteomyelitis in our study group.

CONCLUSION:

We had an incidence of 16.0% for serious bacterial infections in febrile children with sickle cell disease, with the majority of patients diagnosed with pneumonia.

KEYWORDS:

febrile children; pediatric emergency department; serious bacterial infection; sickle cell disease

PMID:
23661790
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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