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Med Hypotheses. 2013 Jul;81(1):68-70. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2013.04.019. Epub 2013 May 6.

Annexin A1: a new biomarker for predicting nasopharyngeal carcinoma response to radiotherapy.

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  • 1Key Laboratory of Cancer Proteomics of Chinese Ministry of Health, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China.

Abstract

Radiotherapy is the primary treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but radioresistance remains a serious obstacle to successful treatment in many cases. Therefore, the biomarkers for predicting NPC response to radiotherapy are very important for targeted therapy and individualized radiotherapy of NPC. Accumulating evidences have shown that Annexin A1 was correlated with NPC radioresistance. First, Annexin A1 is a potential tumor suppressor gene, and can regulate tumor cell proliferation and apoptosis, thus abnormal expression of Annexin A1 in NPC affects apoptosis of tumor cells induced by ionizing radiation and radiotherapeutic efficacy. Second, Annexin A1 is one of the proteins that are involved in p53-mediated radioresponse in NPC, and it might be related to NPC radioresistance. Third, the expression level of Annexin A1 is down-regulated in NPC, and is correlated with metastasis, recurrence and poor prognosis of NPC, thus Annexin A1 downregulation may increase NPC radioresistance, leading to poor prognosis. Last but not the least, Annexin A1 is closely related with tumor chemoresistance, whereas radioresistance is similar to chemoresistance in many aspects, thus Annexin A1 may also be involved in NPC radioresistance. Based on the above mentions, we hypothesize that Annexin A1 is closely correlated with NPC radioresistance and is an important new biomarker for predicting NPC response to radiotherapy.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23660133
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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