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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2013 Jul 1;305(1):F42-51. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00109.2013. Epub 2013 May 8.

Nitric oxide-angiotensin II interactions and renal hemodynamic function in patients with uncomplicated type 1 diabetes.

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  • 1Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Parma Medical School, Parma, Italy. alberto.montanari@unipr.it


The objective is to elucidate the effect of nitric oxide (NO)-renin-angiotensin system (RAS) interactions on renal hemodynamic function in uncomplicated, type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). In 14 salt-replete, male healthy volunteers (C) and 9 male DM patients on euglycemia, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal blood flow (RBF), filtration fraction (FF), and sodium excretion (UNaV) were measured at baseline and during a 90-min infusion of 3.0 μg·kg⁻¹·min⁻¹ NG-nitro-L-arginine-methyl-ester (L-NAME) after 3 days of pretreatment with either placebo (PL) or 50 mg losartan (LOS). Baseline GFR, RBF, and FF were higher in DM (P < 0.005). In the C group, PL + L-NAME caused declines in GFR (101 ± 3 to 90 ± 3 ml·min⁻¹·1.73 m⁻²), RBF (931 ± 22 to 754 ± 31 ml·min⁻¹·1.73 m⁻²), and UNaV (158 ± 12 to 82 ± 18 μmol/min) and an increase in FF (0.19 ± 0.02 to 0.21 ± 02; P < 0.001), which were not influenced by LOS pretreatment (P > 0.05 for LOS + L-NAME-C vs. PL + l-NAME-C). In DM, PL + L-NAME resulted in exaggerated renal effects, with changes in GFR (128 ± 3 to 104 ± 3 ml·min⁻¹·1.73 m⁻²), RBF (1,019 ± 27 to 699 ± 34 ml·min⁻¹·1.73 m⁻²), UNaV (150 ± 13 to 39 ± 14 μmol/min), and FF (0.22 ± 0.03 to 0.26 ± 0.02) that were significantly greater vs. PL + L-NAME-C (P < 0.005). LOS pretreatment blunted GFR, RBF, FF, and UNaV responses to L-NAME in DM (P < 0.005 vs. PL + L-NAME-DM), resulting in a response profile that was similar to PL + L-NAME and LOS + L-NAME in C (P > 0.05). Renal responses to L-NAME in uncomplicated, type 1 DM are exaggerated vs. C, consistent with an upregulation of NO bioactivity. LOS, without effects in C, prevents the accentuated actions of L-NAME in DM, thus indicating an augmented role for NO-RAS interactions in renal hemodynamic function in DM.


l-NAME; losartan; nitric oxide; renal hemodynamic function; renin-angiotensin system; type 1 diabetes mellitus

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