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J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2014 Feb;15(2):155-63. doi: 10.2459/JCM.0b013e3283620533.

Cardiac rehabilitation in chronic heart failure: data from the Italian SurveY on carDiac rEhabilitation (ISYDE-2008).

Collaborators (193)

Tramarin R, Griffo R, Riccio C, Carlon R, Castello A, Ferratini M, Schweiger C, Chieffo C, Vigorito C, Tramarin R, Ambrosetti M, De Feo S, Griffo R, Piepoli M, Riccio C, Ambrosetti M, Diaco T, Ciglia C, Lapolla A, Pietropaolo F, Furgi G, Martin G, Semprini P, Avallone A, Bertoli D, Diaco T, Belardinelli R, Soffiantino F, Scrutinio D, Maxia P, Giustarini C, Anniboletti P, Favretto G, Vaghi P, Calisi P, Chiavetta C, Guarracini L, Pini V, Marcellini G, Omero S, Iannopollo M, Borrello G, Matta M, Peccerillo N, Boncompagni F, Amici A, Pietropaolo F, Feraco E, Furgi G, Chieffo C, Golino P, Morrone C, Di Gioia C, Micieli D, Monaldi V, Vigorito C, Perrotta S, Rubino A, Aulitto V, Riccio G, Coruzzi P, Violi E, Nardini M, Urbinati S, Dcruz S, Semprini P, Piepoli M, Fucili A, Cerulli M, Roberto B, Balestra G, Tuniz D, Martin G, Gori P, Marini R, Morgera T, Di Mario F, Volterrani M, Galati A, Salustri A, Jesi AP, Loperfido F, Corsiglia L, Griffo R, Pantaleo P, Gigli G, Levante S, Febo O, Cobelli F, Malinverni C, Ferratini M, Jones N, Anza C, Frizzelli R, Acquistapace F, Pedretti R, Tramarin R, Carugo S, Trivulzio PA, Malfatto G, Diaco T, Ambrosetti M, Giordano A, Maugeri S, Schizzarotto A, Lombardo S, Zanettini R, Bosco R, Occhi G, Aglieri S, Caprioli G, Cuocina N, Lazzaroni L, Lorenzi A, Savonelli C, Veniani M, Corda G, Meinecke C, Castiglioni G, Pierfranco R, Giani P, Balneario T, Robustelli della Cuna F, Gullace G, Passoni F, Vittoria M, Richichi I, Rossi A, Politi A, Belardinelli R, Persico M, Giannuzzi P, Mazzucco G, Bosimini E, Riva G, Soffiantino F, Massobrio N, Gondoni L, Aina F, Scrutinio D, Villella M, Sannia L, Barbanto P, Ascoli M, Tommaselli S, Castello A, Coco R, Rametta R, Albanese D, Circo A, Raciti R, Scarnato L, Dispensa F, La Spina L, Stuto A, Vasco C, Gibiino S, Gabriele M, Dispensieri C, Provvidenza M, Scalzini A, Giustarini C, Vitae A, Macchi C, Onlus DG, Fattirolli F, Vannucci M, Iacopetti L, Cordoni M, Santoni R, Pitscheider W, Bettini R, Girardini D, del Carmine S, Tadino G, Tadino G, Anniboletti F, Patriarchi F, Favretto G, Baroni PL, Biondi P, Zanocco A, Mantovani E, Li Greci E, Carlon R, Celegon L, Baracchi S, Pizzolato G, Peroni L, Apolloni E, Mosele G, Guarnerio M, Roncon L.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Using data from the Italian SurveY on carDiac rEhabilitation (ISYDE-2008), this study provides insight into the level of implementation of cardiac rehabilitation in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).

METHODS:

Data from 165 Italian cardiac rehabilitation units were collected online from 28 January to 10 February 2008.

RESULTS:

The study cohort consisted of 2281 patients (66.9 ± 11.8 years): 285 (71.3 ± 12.2 years, 66% male) CHF patients and 1996 (66.3 ± 11.6 years, 74% male) non-CHF patients. Compared with non-CHF, CHF patients were older, showed more comorbidity, had lower left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction and reduced access to functional evaluation, underwent more complications during cardiac rehabilitation, and had longer length of in-hospital stay. CHF patients were also more likely to be transferred to ICU (9 versus 3%, P < 0.0001), and less likely to be discharged home (85 versus 92%, respectively, P < 0.0001). Also, discharge prescriptions were significantly different from those of non-CHF patients. Finally, CHF patients had higher mortality during cardiac rehabilitation (1.7 versus 0.5%, P = 0.01). After adjusting for age, ejection fraction, comorbidity, previous interventions and complications during cardiac rehabilitation, multivariate logistic analysis showed that not performing any of the physical performance tests [odds ratio (OR) = 7.0, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.9-25.8, P = 0.003], acute respiratory failure (OR = 2.3, 95% CI, 1.3-4.1, P = 0.002), acute kidney insufficiency or worsening of chronic kidney disease (OR = 2.9, 95% CI, 1.5-5.6, P = 0.001) and worsening of cognitive impairment (OR = 3.7, 95% CI, 2.0-6.7, P < 0.001) were significant predictors of death in CHF patients.

CONCLUSION:

The ISYDE-2008 survey provided a detailed snapshot of cardiac rehabilitation in CHF patients, and confirmed the complexity and the more severe clinical course of these patients during cardiac rehabilitation.

PMID:
23656918
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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