Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:712949. doi: 10.1155/2013/712949. Epub 2013 Apr 4.

Cardioprotective effects of ω -3 PUFAs in chronic kidney disease.

Author information

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-Ro, Jongno-Gu, Seoul 110-744, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The prevalence rate of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing worldwide, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a main cause of death in patients with CKD. The high incidence of CVD in CKD patients is related to chronic inflammation, dyslipidemia, malnutrition, atherosclerosis, and vascular calcification. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids ( ω -3 PUFAs) have been shown to reduce the risk of CVD. In this paper, we review the beneficial effects of ω -3 PUFAs on CVD and the possible cardioprotective mechanisms of ω -3 PUFAs in CKD patients by determining the effect of ω -3 PUFAs in the general population. ω -3 PUFAs have several cardioprotective benefits, such as reducing inflammation, decreasing oxidative stress, inhibiting platelet activity, exerting antiarrhythmic effects, and improving triglyceride levels, in the general population and patients with CKD. Modifications of erythrocyte membrane fatty acid content, including an increased ω -3 index and decreased oleic acid, after ω -3 PUFAs supplementation are important changes related to CVD risk reduction in the general population and patients with CKD. Further basic and clinical studies are essential to confirm the effects of ω -3 PUFAs on vitamin D activation, vascular calcification prevention, cardiovascular events, and mortality in CKD patients.

PMID:
23653897
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3638711
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (2)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Hindawi Publishing Corporation Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk