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J Int Med Res. 2013 Jun;41(3):855-8. doi: 10.1177/0300060513483417. Epub 2013 May 7.

Impact of type 1 diabetes mellitus on academic performance.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. tanmeo@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effect of type 1 diabetes on academic performance.

METHODS:

Ethnically Saudi students with type 1 diabetes, and age, sex, ethnicity and socio-economic status-matched nondiabetic control students were recruited from eight schools. Overall academic grades were recorded, based on the scores obtained in written examinations in English, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology and humanities.

RESULTS:

Students with type 1 diabetes (n = 36) obtained significantly lower academic grades compared with their nondiabetic control classmates (n = 36) (86.58 ± 1.48 vs 90.62 ± 1.36).

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall academic performance is significantly lower in students with type 1 diabetes compared with their nondiabetic classmates. This decline in academic performance may be explained by an association between diabetes and cognitive function.

KEYWORDS:

Type 1 diabetes mellitus; academic grades; cognitive function

PMID:
23653365
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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