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Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1990 Jul;41(7):780-5.

Effects of long-term psychiatric hospitalization for young, treatment-refractory patients.

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  • 1Yale Psychiatric Institute, New Haven, CT 06520.


Although short-term hospitalization has been shown to be effective in helping severely impaired psychiatric patients improve, such improvement is for some only temporary. Young, treatment-refractory patients who have failed to respond to previous brief hospitalization and outpatient treatments may benefit more from longer-term hospitalization. The authors report on a three-and-a-half-year follow-up study of 55 young adult and adolescent treatment-refractory inpatients after long-term hospitalization. Significant improvements in recidivism, quality of life, and overall functioning were found between discharge and the follow-up assessment. The authors conclude that potential benefits of long-term hospitalization for this subgroup warrant further empirical study.

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