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J Agric Food Chem. 2013 May 29;61(21):5031-6. doi: 10.1021/jf400803q. Epub 2013 May 15.

Rapid simultaneous quantification of zearalenone and fumonisin B1 in corn and wheat by lateral flow dual immunoassay.

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  • 1Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, People's Republic of China.


A lateral flow dual immunoassay (LFDIA) was developed for rapid quantitative detection of zearalenone (ZEN) and fumonisin B1 (FB1) in corn and wheat samples on a single test strip. Two test lines and the control line on the nitrocellulose membrane were coated with ZEN and FB1 conjugates and goat anti-mouse IgG, respectively. Colloidal gold nanoparticles were conjugated with monoclonal antibodies against ZEN or FB1. The intensity of the test lines was analyzed by a photometric strip reader to determine the concentrations of ZEN and FB1 based on the calibration curves of known concentrations versus intensity readings. Test parameters such as types of buffers, ratio of the two gold-labeled antibodies, and dilution of the sample extracts and the gold-labeled antibodies were optimized. The detection limit was 0.35 and 5.23 ng/mL for ZEN and FB1, respectively, and the corresponding detection ranges were 0.94-7.52 and 9.34-100.45 ng/mL, respectively. Spiked and natural samples were analyzed using both LFDIA and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The two methods had a good correlation (R(2) = 0.96). The dual quantitative LFDIA is sensitive, rapid, and easy-to-use for on-site testing of a large number of samples.

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