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Aging Ment Health. 2013;17(8):952-8. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2013.790925. Epub 2013 May 7.

Person-centered care in Chinese residential care facilities: a preliminary measure.

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  • 1a Department of Social Work and Social Administration , University of Hong Kong , Hong Kong , China.



Person-centered care (PCC) is one of the most desirable approaches for elderly with dementia. However, it has not been initiated and systematically studied in China, on which lacking of reliable and valid measurement tools is one of the key barriers. This paper aims to validate person-centered care assessment tools (P-CAT) in a Chinese context.


The original 13-item was translated and back translated. And 11 items were added based on literature review and expert consultation. The resulting 24-item P-CAT-C was validated among a sample of formal caregivers (n = 330) in all 34 residential care facilities in urban Xi'an, a representative city in north-western China. Chinese versions of staff-based measures of individualized care for institutionalized persons with dementia (IC) and caregiver psychological elder abuse behavior (CPEAB) scale were used to test the criterion validity.


Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed that a three-factor 15-item solution provided adequate fit indices to the data (χ(2) = 145.691, df = 81, p < 0.001, comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.926, Tucker-Lewis index (TLI) = 0.905, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.050). Four new items were identified and two original items were excluded. The three factors are named as (1) individualized care (6-item); (2) organizational support (6-item); and (3) environmental accessibility (3-item). The internal consistency coefficient (Cronbach's α = 0.684) is satisfactory. The interscale correlation among P-CAT-C, IC, and CPEAB showed good criterion validity.


P-CAT-C is a culturally adapted version of the original P-CAT, which showed satisfactory reliability and validity for evaluating PCC in Chinese residential care facilities. It also provides insight to other developing countries.

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