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PLoS One. 2013 May 1;8(5):e61818. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061818. Print 2013.

Reactivity of dogs' brain oscillations to visual stimuli measured with non-invasive electroencephalography.

Author information

  • 1Lyon Neuroscience Research Center, INSERM U1028 - CNRS UMR5292, Bron, France. miiamaaria.kujala@helsinki.fi

Abstract

Studying cognition of domestic dogs has gone through a renaissance within the last decades. However, although the behavioral studies of dogs are beginning to be common in the field of animal cognition, the neural events underlying cognition remain unknown. Here, we employed a non-invasive electroencephalography, with adhesive electrodes attached to the top of the skin, to measure brain activity of from 8 domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) while they stayed still to observe photos of dog and human faces. Spontaneous oscillatory activity of the dogs, peaking in the sensors over the parieto-occipital cortex, was suppressed statistically significantly during visual task compared with resting activity at the frequency of 15-30 Hz. Moreover, a stimulus-induced low-frequency (~2-6 Hz) suppression locked to the stimulus onset was evident at the frontal sensors, possibly reflecting a motor rhythm guiding the exploratory eye movements. The results suggest task-related reactivity of the macroscopic oscillatory activity in the dog brain. To our knowledge, the study is the first to reveal non-invasively measured reactivity of brain electrophysiological oscillations in healthy dogs, and it has been based purely on positive operant conditional training, without the need for movement restriction or medication.

PMID:
23650504
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3641087
Free PMC Article
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