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Nanoscale Res Lett. 2013 May 6;8(1):214. doi: 10.1186/1556-276X-8-214.

Experimental evidence for direct insulator-quantum Hall transition in multi-layer graphene.

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  • 1Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan. n-aoki@faculty.chiba-u.jp.


We have performed magnetotransport measurements on a multi-layer graphene flake. At the crossing magnetic field Bc, an approximately temperature-independent point in the measured longitudinal resistivity ρxx, which is ascribed to the direct insulator-quantum Hall (I-QH) transition, is observed. By analyzing the amplitudes of the magnetoresistivity oscillations, we are able to measure the quantum mobility μq of our device. It is found that at the direct I-QH transition, μqBc ≈ 0.37 which is considerably smaller than 1. In contrast, at Bc, ρxx is close to the Hall resistivity ρxy, i.e., the classical mobility μBc is ≈ 1. Therefore, our results suggest that different mobilities need to be introduced for the direct I-QH transition observed in multi-layered graphene. Combined with existing experimental results obtained in various material systems, our data obtained on graphene suggest that the direct I-QH transition is a universal effect in 2D.

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