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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2013 Jul 15;374(1-2):35-45. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2013.04.013. Epub 2013 Apr 29.

HDAC3 interacts with sumoylated C/EBPα to negatively regulate the LXRα expression in rat hepatocytes.

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  • 1Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, PR China.


The expression changes of liver X receptor alpha (LXRα), histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) were detected in liver tissues of our high-fat-diet E3 rat model. The aim of this study is to pinpoint the molecular mechanism of HDAC3 and C/EBPα to orchestrate LXRα expression in hepatocytes. We confirmed that LXRα and its target genes were negatively regulated by HDAC3 in stable expressed clones with pEGFP-Hdac3 or shRNA-Hdac3 vector. However, transient pEGFP-C/EBPα plasmid transfection showed an upregulation of LXRα expression and C/EBPα enhanced LXRα promoter activity in a dose-dependent manner in CBRH-7919 cells. By using 5'-serial deletion reporter analysis, we identified that fragment from -2881 to -1181bp of LXRα promoter was responsible for C/EBPα binding to the promoter, especially CBS1 and CBS4 were identified essentially by using ChIP and luciferase reporter assay. Co-IP, qRT-PCR and ChIP revealed that HDAC3 interacted with C/EBPα co-regulated LXRα expression. Sumoylation of C/EBPα at lysine 159 was detected in CBRH-7919 cells with transient overexpressed C/EBPα, and Co-IP assay detected that sumoylated C/EBPα interacted with more HDAC3 than C/EBPα K159L mutant. Luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that C/EBPα participated in HDAC3-repressed LXRα transcription, and HDAC3 was involved in sumoylated C/EBPα-inactivated LXRα activity. Luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that sumoylation of C/EBPα by SUMO-1 directly reversed the activation of C/EBPα on LXRα promoter. The results suggested that HDAC3 interacts with sumoylated C/EBPα to negatively regulate the LXRα expression.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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