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Proc Inst Mech Eng H. 2013 Apr;227(4):448-53. doi: 10.1177/0954411912467886. Epub 2012 Dec 6.

Trabecular architecture analysis in femur radiographic images using fractals.

Author information

  • 1Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, College of Engineering, Anna University, Chennai, India.

Abstract

Trabecular bone is a highly complex anisotropic material that exhibits varying magnitudes of strength in compression and tension. Analysis of the trabecular architectural alteration that manifest as loss of trabecular plates and connection has been shown to yield better estimation of bone strength. In this work, an attempt has been made toward the development of an automated system for investigation of trabecular femur bone architecture using fractal analysis. Conventional radiographic femur bone images recorded using standard protocols are used in this study. The compressive and tensile regions in the images are delineated using preprocessing procedures. The delineated images are analyzed using Higuchi's fractal method to quantify pattern heterogeneity and anisotropy of trabecular bone structure. The results show that the extracted fractal features are distinct for compressive and tensile regions of normal and abnormal human femur bone. As the strength of the bone depends on architectural variation in addition to bone mass, this study seems to be clinically useful.

KEYWORDS:

Higuchi’s fractal analysis; Trabecular bone; osteoporosis; porosity; texture analysis

PMID:
23637220
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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