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Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2013 Sep;166(1):74-80. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2013.04.023. Epub 2013 Apr 28.

Zebrafish scales respond differently to in vitro dynamic and static acceleration: analysis of interaction between osteoblasts and osteoclasts.

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  • 1Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-0942, Japan.


Zebrafish scales consist of bone-forming osteoblasts, bone-resorbing osteoclasts, and calcified bone matrix. To elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism of the effects induced by dynamic and static acceleration, we investigated the scale osteoblast- and osteoclast-specific marker gene expression involving osteoblast-osteoclast communication molecules. Osteoblasts express RANKL, which binds to the osteoclast surface receptor, RANK, and stimulates bone resorption. OPG, on the other hand, is secreted by osteoblast as a decoy receptor for RANKL, prevents RANKL from binding to RANK and thus prevents bone resorption. Therefore, the RANK-RANKL-OPG pathway contributes to the regulation of osteoclastogenesis by osteoblasts. Semaphorin 4D, in contrast, is expressed on osteoclasts, and binding to its receptor Plexin-B1 on osteoblasts results in suppression of bone formation. In the present study, we found that both dynamic and static acceleration at 3.0×g decreased RANKL/OPG ratio and increased osteoblast-specific functional mRNA such as alkaline phosphatase, while static acceleration increased and dynamic acceleration decreased osteoclast-specific mRNA such as cathepsin K. Static acceleration increased semaphorin 4D mRNA expression, while dynamic acceleration had no effect. The results of the present study indicated that osteoclasts have predominant control over bone metabolism via semaphorin 4D expression induced by static acceleration at 3.0×g.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


ALP; Bone metabolism; Cell-to-cell communication; DCSTAMP; Dlx5; NFATC1; OPG; RANK; RANK ligand; RANKL; Semaphorin 4D; Static and dynamic acceleration; Trap; Zebrafish scale; alkaline phosphatase; dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein; distal-less homeobox protein 5; g; gravitational acceleration; nuclear factor of activated T cells, cytoplasmic 1; osteoprotegerin; receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B; tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase

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