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Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2012;63(4):477-82.

[Dietary patterns in nursery school children from an urban environment].

[Article in Polish]

Author information

  • 1Zakład Zywienia Człowieka, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Kraków. maria.gacek@awf.krakow.pl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A correct dietary pattern optimizes development processes and is a factor in the prevention of diet-related diseases. Attitudes and dietary habits of children, shaped by their family, nursery school and school environments, affect their dietary patterns later in their life.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the study was to evaluate dietary behaviours and preferences of a group of nursery school children, based on their parents' declarations.

MATERIAL AND METHOD:

The research was carried out in the spring on a group of 126 parents of children (66 boys and 60 girls) aged 3-6 in Krakow, based on a survey questionnaire constructed by the author. The distribution of the data was presented for the whole sample in general, due to a lack of statistically significant differences in this respect depending on the gender (P>0.05).

RESULTS:

The study has demonstrated the prevalence of the 4-5 meal-a-day dietary pattern (97.6%), though with a limited regularity (52.4%), and snacking between main meals (86.5%), usually on sweets (63.5%), fruit (56.3%) and dairy products (42.9%). Daily consumption of wholegrain cereal products was the case in 38.1% of the children, of fruit in 50.8% of the children, vegetables in 41.2%, and dairy products in 82% of the children. Fish was served to the children usually once a week (50%). Parents gave their children whole fat products more frequently than reduced fat versions (54.8% vs 45.2%). The children consumed fast food products less frequently than once a month (61.7%), while 26.4% consumed them every month and 10.3 % every week. A common mistake involved a high prevalence of sweets, which were consumed daily by 57.9% of the group. Children preferably drank fruit juices (62.7%), tea (45.2%) and mineral water (39.7%), and consumed flour products (84.1%), sweets and confectionery products (42.1%) and meat products (30.2%). Products disliked by children, according to their parents' reports, included vegetables (63.5%), milk (48.4%) and grits (34.1%).

CONCLUSIONS:

A preference for the consumption of sweets and confectionery, fruit, fruit juices and flour products demonstrated that the children had a liking for the sweet taste.

PMID:
23631270
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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