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Luminescence. 2014 Mar;29(2):118-21. doi: 10.1002/bio.2513. Epub 2013 Apr 30.

Evaluation of lophine derivatives as L-012 (luminol analog)-dependent chemiluminescence enhancers for measuring horseradish peroxidase and H2O2.

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  • 1Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Musashino University, Japan.


8-Amino-5-chloro-7-phenylpyrido[3,4-d]pyridazine-1,4(2H,3H)dione (L-012) was recently synthesized as a new chemiluminescence (CL) probe; the light intensity and the sensitivity of L-012 are higher than those of other CL probes such as luminol. Previously, our group developed four lophine-based CL enhancers of the horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-catalyzed CL oxidation of luminol, namely 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4,5-diphenylimidazole (HDI), 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4,5-di(2-pyridyl)imidazole (HPI), 4-(4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)phenylboronic acid (DPA), and 4-[4,5-di(2-pyridyl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl]phenylboronic acid (DPPA), and showed that DPPA was suitable for the photographic detection of HRP. In this study, we replaced luminol with L-012 and evaluated these as L-012-dependent CL enhancers. In addition, to detect HRP and/or H2O2 with higher sensitivity, each detection condition for the L-012-HRP-H2O2 enhanced CL was optimized. All the derivatives enhanced the L-012-dependent CL as well as luminol CL; HPI generated the highest enhanced luminescence. Under optimized conditions for HRP detection, the detection limit of HRP was 0.08 fmol. By contrast, the detection limit of HRP with the enhanced L-012-dependent CL using 4-iodophenol, which is a common enhancer of luminol CL, was 1.1 fmol. With regard to H2O2 detection, the detection limits for enhanced CL with HPI and 4-iodophenol were 0.29 and 1.5 pmol, respectively. Therefore, it is demonstrated that HPI is the most superior L-012-dependent CL enhancer.

Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


HRP; chemiluminescence enhancer; lophine derivative; luminol analog

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