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Phys Med Biol. 2013 May 21;58(10):3461-80. doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/58/10/3461. Epub 2013 Apr 30.

Feasibility of interstitial diffuse optical tomography using cylindrical diffusing fibers for prostate PDT.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Civic Center Boulevard, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

Interstitial diffuse optical tomography (DOT) has been used to characterize spatial distribution of optical properties for prostate photodynamic therapy (PDT) dosimetry. We have developed an interstitial DOT method using cylindrical diffuse fibers (CDFs) as light sources, so that the same light sources can be used for both DOT measurement and PDT treatment. In this novel interstitial CDF-DOT method, absolute light fluence per source strength (in unit of 1 cm(-2)) is used to separate absorption and scattering coefficients. A mathematical phantom and a solid prostate phantom including anomalies with known optical properties were used, respectively, to test the feasibility of reconstructing optical properties using interstitial CDF-DOT. Three dimension spatial distributions of the optical properties were reconstructed for both scenarios. Our studies show that absorption coefficient can be reliably extrapolated while there are some cross talks between absorption and scattering properties. Even with the suboptimal reduced scattering coefficients, the reconstructed light fluence rate agreed with the measured values to within ±10%, thus the proposed CDF-DOT allows greatly improved light dosimetry calculation for interstitial PDT.

PMID:
23629149
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3759155
Free PMC Article

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