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Leukemia. 2013 Sep;27(9):1852-60. doi: 10.1038/leu.2013.133. Epub 2013 Apr 30.

SETBP1 mutations occur in 9% of MDS/MPN and in 4% of MPN cases and are strongly associated with atypical CML, monosomy 7, isochromosome i(17)(q10), ASXL1 and CBL mutations.

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  • 1MLL Munich Leukemia Laboratory, Munich, Germany.

Abstract

Chronic myeloid malignancies are categorized to the three main categories myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) and MDS/MPN overlap. So far, no specific genetic alteration profiles have been identified in the MDS/MPN overlap category. Recent studies identified mutations in SET-binding protein 1 (SETBP1) as novel marker in myeloid malignancies, especially in atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML) and related diseases. We analyzed SETBP1 in 1‚ÄČ130 patients with MPN and MDS/MPN overlap and found mutation frequencies of 3.8% and 9.4%, respectively. In particular, there was a high frequency of SETBP1 mutation in aCML (19/60; 31.7%) and MDS/MPN unclassifiable (MDS/MPN, U; 20/240; 9.3%). SETBP1 mutated (SETBP1mut) patients showed significantly higher white blood cell counts and lower platelet counts and hemoglobin levels than SETBP1 wild-type patients. Cytomorphologic evaluation revealed a more dysplastic phenotype in SETBP1mut cases as compared with wild-type cases. We confirm a significant association of SETBP1mut with -7 and isochromosome i(17)(q10). Moreover, SETBP1mut were strongly associated with ASXL1 and CBL mutations (P<0.001 for both) and were mutually exclusive of JAK2 and TET2 mutations. In conclusion, SETBP1mut add an important new diagnostic marker for MDS/MPN and in particular for aCML.

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