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Healthc Inform Res. 2013 Mar;19(1):56-62. doi: 10.4258/hir.2013.19.1.56. Epub 2013 Mar 31.

Measure of clinical information technology adoption.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The objective of this study was to create a new measure for clinical information technology (IT) adoption as a proxy variable of clinical IT use.

METHODS:

Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) data for 2004 were used. The 18 clinical IT applications were analyzed across 3,637 acute care hospitals in the United States. After factor analysis was conducted, the clinical IT adoption score was created and evaluated.

RESULTS:

Basic clinical IT systems, such as laboratory, order communication/results, pharmacy, radiology, and surgery information systems had different adoption patterns from advanced IT systems, such as cardiology, radio picture archiving, and communication, as well as computerized practitioner order-entry. This clinical IT score varied across hospital characteristics.

CONCLUSIONS:

Different IT applications have different adoption patterns. In creating a measure of IT use among various IT components in hospitals, the characteristics of each type of system should be reflected. Aggregated IT adoption should be used to explain technology acquisition and utilization in hospitals.

KEYWORDS:

Clinical Informatics; Health Information Technology; Medical Informatics; Medical Information Science

PMID:
23626919
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3633173
Free PMC Article
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