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Cell. 2013 Apr 25;153(3):707-20. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.03.030.

Integrated systems approach identifies genetic nodes and networks in late-onset Alzheimer's disease.

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  • 1Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029, USA. bin.zhang@mssm.edu

Abstract

The genetics of complex disease produce alterations in the molecular interactions of cellular pathways whose collective effect may become clear through the organized structure of molecular networks. To characterize molecular systems associated with late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD), we constructed gene-regulatory networks in 1,647 postmortem brain tissues from LOAD patients and nondemented subjects, and we demonstrate that LOAD reconfigures specific portions of the molecular interaction structure. Through an integrative network-based approach, we rank-ordered these network structures for relevance to LOAD pathology, highlighting an immune- and microglia-specific module that is dominated by genes involved in pathogen phagocytosis, contains TYROBP as a key regulator, and is upregulated in LOAD. Mouse microglia cells overexpressing intact or truncated TYROBP revealed expression changes that significantly overlapped the human brain TYROBP network. Thus the causal network structure is a useful predictor of response to gene perturbations and presents a framework to test models of disease mechanisms underlying LOAD.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23622250
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3677161
Free PMC Article
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