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Hum Pathol. 2013 Sep;44(9):1780-8. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2012.12.019. Epub 2013 Apr 22.

Transcriptional regulation of the alpha-1 type II collagen gene by nuclear factor B/p65 and Sox9 in the chondrocytic phenotype of uterine carcinosarcomas.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0374, Japan.


Uterine carcinosarcomas (U-CSs) are considered monoclonal in origin, but little is known about the mechanisms for establishment of heterologous sarcomatous components. Here, we examine the functional roles of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB)/p65 and Sox9 in the transcriptional regulation of alpha-1 type II collagen (COL2A1), a hallmark of chondrogenesis, during morphologic change in the direction of the chondrocytic phenotype. In 32 cases of U-CS, both phosphorylated p65 and Sox9 expression were colocalized in Col2A1-positive sarcomatous components, particularly in cartilaginous elements, with strongly positive correlation (ρ = 0.72, P = .005). A positive association of Col2A1 expression between protein (immunohistochemistry) and messenger RNA (in situ hybridization) assays was evident in sarcomatous components, whereas 9 cases also showed distinct positive signals for the messenger RNA without protein expression in carcinomatous elements, probably through a posttranscriptional and/or posttranslational modulation mechanism. In the Ishikawa endometrial cancer line, overexpression of p65 could activate transcription of COL2A1 promoter-intron reporters through binding to specific NF-κB sites in the first intron, along with up-regulation of Sox9. Exogenous induction of Sox9 also caused an increase in transcription of COL2A1, in contrast to a repression of the p65-mediated COL2A1 transcription, suggesting the existence of a negative feedback loop. These data, therefore, suggest that NF-κB/p65 signaling, as well as Sox9, may contribute to changes in the morphology of U-CS cells toward the chondrocytic phenotype through modulation of COL2A1 transcription.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Clo2A1; NF-κB; Sox9; Uterine carcinosarcoma

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