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Am J Addict. 2013 May-Jun;22(3):271-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2012.12002.x.

An observation of lower rates of drug use over time in community syringe exchangers.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. mkidorf@jhmi.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

The present study evaluated changes in rates of self-reported heroin and cocaine use in opioid-dependent individuals newly registered to a syringe exchange program (SEP), and examined the effects of recovery-oriented longitudinal variables (i.e., substance abuse treatment, self-help group participation, employment) on changes in drug use.

METHODS:

Study participants (n = 240) were opioid-dependent and drawn from a larger study evaluating strategies to improve treatment-seeking. Mixed model analyses were used to evaluate changes in rates of heroin and cocaine use, and longitudinal correlates of change in these substances, over a one-year period.

RESULTS:

Results showed reductions in days of heroin and cocaine use over time, and that participation in recovery-oriented activities was strongly associated with greater changes in drug use.

CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE:

These results suggest SEPs can play a vital role in facilitating reductions in drug use through motivating participation in treatment and other recovery-oriented activities.

Copyright © American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry.

PMID:
23617871
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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