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J Palliat Care. 2013 Spring;29(1):22-8.

Associations between Japanese people's concern about family caregiver burden and preference for end-of-life care location.

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  • 1Department of Community Health Nursing, Graduate School of Nursing, Japanese Red Cross University, 4-1-3 Hiroo, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-0012, Japan.


Through a cross-sectional nationwide survey, this study identified the associations between Japanese people's choice of end-of-life care location and their sense of being a burden or a source of concern to their family members. A total of 1,042 people responded to the survey (a response rate of 55 percent). Of these, 44 percent said they would prefer to receive end-of-life care at home, 15 percent in hospital, 19 percent in a palliative care unit, 10 percent in a public nursing home, and 2 percent in a private nursing home. Multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that those who thought it most important to relieve caregiver burden on family members tended to prefer a palliative care unit or a public nursing home to their own homes; those who were most concerned about the effect their death would have on their family members tended to prefer a hospital or a palliative care unit to their own homes. These findings may assist in the development of a more effective end-of-life care system in Japan and in other countries.

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