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Atherosclerosis. 1990 May;82(1-2):1-5.

On the mechanism by which an ACAT inhibitor (CL 277,082) influences plasma lipoproteins in the rat.

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  • 1University of N.S.W., School of Medicine, Australia.


CL 277,082 is an inhibitor of acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT). The effects of this drug on lipoprotein metabolism have been examined in cholesterol-fed rats. An optimal dose of drug incorporated into the diet (0.1% w/w) for 7 days reduced plasma cholesterol by 48% and plasma triglycerides by 72%. The decrease in plasma cholesterol was due to a reduction in triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and in HDL cholesterol. There was a significant 72% reduction in intestinal ACAT activity, accompanied by a 41% reduction in hepatic cholesterol content. There was a smaller 21% reduction in hepatic ACAT activity. Hepatic HMG-CoA reductase activity increased 3-fold. HDL binding activity by liver membranes was not altered significantly. The decrease in plasma cholesterol with this ACAT inhibitor is most likely due to decreased absorption of dietary cholesterol resulting from inhibition of intestinal ACAT.

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