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Mol Cancer Res. 2013 Jul;11(7):689-98. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-12-0673. Epub 2013 Apr 17.

Interactions between SAP155 and FUSE-binding protein-interacting repressor bridges c-Myc and P27Kip1 expression.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Diagnosis (F8), Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.


Oncogenic c-Myc plays a critical role in cell proliferation, apoptosis, and tumorigenesis, but the precise mechanisms that drive this activity remain largely unknown. P27Kip1 (CDKN1B) arrests cells in G1, and SAP155 (SF3B1), a subunit of the essential splicing factor 3b (SF3b) subcomplex of the spliceosome, is required for proper P27 pre-mRNA splicing. FUSE-binding protein-interacting repressor (FIR), a splicing variant of PUF60 lacking exon5, is a c-Myc transcriptional target that suppresses the DNA helicase p89 (ERCC3) and is alternatively spliced in colorectal cancer lacking the transcriptional repression domain within exon 2 (FIRΔexon2). FIR and FIRΔexon2 form a homo- or hetero-dimer that complexes with SAP155. Our study indicates that the FIR/FIRΔexon2/SAP155 interaction bridges c-Myc and P27 expression. Knockdown of FIR/FIRΔexon2 or SAP155 reduced p27 expression, inhibited its pre-mRNA splicing, and reduced CDK2/Cyclin E expression. Moreover, spliceostatin A, a natural SF3b inhibitor, markedly inhibited P27 expression by disrupting its pre-mRNA splicing and reduced CDK2/Cyclin E expression. The expression of P89, another FIR target, was increased in excised human colorectal cancer tissues. Knockdown of FIR reduced P89; however, the effects on P27 and P89 expression are not simply or directly related to altered FIR expression levels, indicating that the mechanical or physical interaction of the SAP155/FIR/FIRΔexon2 complex is potentially essential for sustained expression of both P89 and P27. Together, the interaction between SAP155 and FIR/FIRΔexon2 not only integrates cell-cycle progression and c-Myc transcription by modifying P27 and P89 expression but also suggests that the interaction is a potential target for cancer screening and treatment.

©2013 AACR

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