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Cardiovasc Res. 2013 Jul 15;99(2):269-75. doi: 10.1093/cvr/cvt090. Epub 2013 Apr 15.

The effects of stenting on shear stress: relevance to endothelial injury and repair.

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  • 1Biomedical Engineering, Department Cardiology, ErasmusMC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Stent deployment following balloon angioplasty is used routinely to treat coronary artery disease. These interventions cause damage and loss of endothelial cells (EC), and thus promote in-stent thrombosis and restenosis. Injured arteries are repaired (intrinsically) by locally derived EC and by circulating endothelial progenitor cells which migrate and proliferate to re-populate denuded regions. However, re-endothelialization is not always complete and often dysfunctional. Moreover, the molecular and biomechanical mechanisms that control EC repair and function in stented segments are poorly understood. Here, we propose that stents modify endothelial repair processes, in part, by altering fluid shear stress, a mechanical force that influences EC migration and proliferation. A more detailed understanding of the biomechanical processes that control endothelial healing would provide a platform for the development of novel therapeutic approaches to minimize damage and promote vascular repair in stented arteries.

KEYWORDS:

Endothelial cell; Shear stress; Stent; Vascular repair

PMID:
23592806
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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