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Hum Mutat. 2013 Aug;34(8):1066-70. doi: 10.1002/humu.22336. Epub 2013 May 13.

Synonymous mutations in RNASEH2A create cryptic splice sites impairing RNase H2 enzyme function in Aicardi-Goutières syndrome.

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  • 1Genetic Medicine, Institute of Human Development, Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, University of Manchester, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Aicardi-Goutières syndrome is an inflammatory disorder resulting from mutations in TREX1, RNASEH2A/2B/2C, SAMHD1, or ADAR1. Here, we provide molecular, biochemical, and cellular evidence for the pathogenicity of two synonymous variants in RNASEH2A. Firstly, the c.69G>A (p.Val23Val) mutation causes the formation of a splice donor site within exon 1, resulting in an out of frame deletion at the end of exon 1, leading to reduced RNase H2 protein levels. The second mutation, c.75C>T (p.Arg25Arg), also introduces a splice donor site within exon 1, and the internal deletion of 18 amino acids. The truncated protein still forms a heterotrimeric RNase H2 complex, but lacks catalytic activity. However, as a likely result of leaky splicing, a small amount of full-length active protein is apparently produced in an individual homozygous for this mutation. Recognition of the disease causing status of these variants allows for diagnostic testing in relevant families.

© 2013 WILEY PERIODICALS, INC.

KEYWORDS:

AGS; Aicardi-Goutières syndrome; RNASEH2A; splicing; synonymous mutations

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