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J Nurs Care Qual. 2013 Oct-Dec;28(4):345-51. doi: 10.1097/NCQ.0b013e318292907c.

Ventilator-associated pneumonia among cardiac surgery patients: what can we do for prevention?

Author information

  • 1Cardiac Surgery Research, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Falls Church, Virginia 22042, USA. Lhenry6@cox.net


Ventilator-associated pneumonia is associated with high mortality and morbidity and significantly increases intensive care unit length of stay and costs of care. In a pre- and postintervention study, we found that the majority of patients (63%) had an antecedent condition that necessitated emergent intubation prior to surgery. Efforts should be directed to developing strategies to minimize the risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia in emergent intubations, decrease reintubations, and reduce the use of blood products.

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