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Int Urol Nephrol. 2014 Jan;46(1):175-82. doi: 10.1007/s11255-013-0438-7. Epub 2013 Apr 17.

Is residual renal function and better phosphate control in peritoneal dialysis an answer for the lower prevalence of valve calcification compared to hemodialysis patients?

Author information

  • 1Department of Nephrology-Dialysis-Transplantation, UHC "Mother Teresa", Dibra Street Nr 370, Tirana, Albania, meritarroji@yahoo.com.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Cardiac valve calcification (CVC) has long been regarded as a consequence of abnormal calcium-phosphate metabolism in uremic patient associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in this population. We evaluated the association between residual renal function (RRF), phosphate level and valve calcification in peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients.

METHODS:

We studied 30 stable PD patients (60 % males; mean age 57 ± 12.36 years) and 34 HD patients (58.8 % males; mean age 50.8 ± 10.4 years) on renal replacement therapy (RRT) from 6 up to 36 months. The presence of CVC was assessed by standard bi-dimensional echocardiography. RRF was calculated by standard technique.

RESULTS:

Valve calcification was more frequently found in HD compared to PD patients (70.6 vs 29.4 %, p = 0.007). Significantly lower phosphate [1.38 ± 0.41 versus 1.99 ± 0.35 mmol/L (p < 0.0001)], a higher RRF [4.09 ± 2.09 ml/min vs 0.62 ± 0.89 ml/min (p < 0.0001)], and older age [57 ± 12.36 years vs 50.8 ± 10.4 years (p = 0.033)] were observed in PD as compared to HD patients. The logistic regression analysis for the presence of valve calcification when adjusted for age and diabetes, with type of therapy, serum phosphate, RRF, CRP, and serum albumin as variables in the model, revealed significant association between the presence of valve calcification and age and RRF. The correlation between phosphate levels and RRF was even stronger in PD patients than in HD patients (r = -0.704; p = 0.0001) vs (r = -0.502; p = 0.02).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study shows that the residual renal function in PD patients contributes significantly to the maintenance of phosphate balance and may explain the lower prevalence of valve calcification in PD patients compared with HD patients in the period up to first 3 years under renal replacement therapy.

PMID:
23591721
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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