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Thromb Res. 2013 May;131(5):450-6. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2013.03.016. Epub 2013 Apr 13.

Darexaban: anticoagulant effects in mice and human plasma in vitro, antithrombotic effects in thrombosis and bleeding models in mice and effects of anti-inhibitor coagulant complex and recombinant factor VIIa.

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  • 1Drug Discovery Research, Astellas Pharma Inc, 21 Miyukigaoka, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 305-8585, Japan.


Here, we investigated the anticoagulant effects of darexaban in mice and human plasma in vitro, effects of darexaban in thrombosis and bleeding models in mice, and reversal effects of anti-inhibitor coagulant complex (ACC) and recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) on anticoagulant effects of darexaban. In mice, darexaban inhibited FXa activity in plasma with an ED50 value of 24.8 mg/kg. Both darexaban and warfarin prolonged prothrombin time (PT) at 3 mg/kg and 0.3 mg/kg/day, respectively. PT and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) prolonged by darexaban were dose-dependently reversed by intravenously-administered rFVIIa, significantly so at 1 mg/kg. In a pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) mouse model, both darexaban and warfarin dose-dependently reduced the mortality rate, significantly so at 10 mg/kg and 3 mg/kg/day, respectively. In a FeCl3-induced venous thrombosis (VT) mouse model, darexaban (0.3-10 mg/kg) dose-dependently decreased the thrombus protein content, significantly so at doses of 3 mg/kg or higher. In a tail-transection mouse model, darexaban had no significant effect on the amount of blood loss at doses up to 10 mg/kg, while warfarin showed a dose-dependent increase in blood loss, significantly so from 1 mg/kg/day. Darexaban and its metabolite darexaban glucuronide significantly prolonged PT and aPTT in human plasma in vitro, and while rFVIIa concentration-dependently reversed the prolonged PT in this plasma, ACC dose-dependently reversed both PT and aPTT changes prolonged by darexaban. Taken together, these results suggest that darexaban has a potential to be an oral anticoagulant with a better safety profile than warfarin, and that rFVIIa and ACC may be useful as antidotes to darexaban in cases of overdose.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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