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Thromb Res. 2013 May;131(5):450-6. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2013.03.016. Epub 2013 Apr 13.

Darexaban: anticoagulant effects in mice and human plasma in vitro, antithrombotic effects in thrombosis and bleeding models in mice and effects of anti-inhibitor coagulant complex and recombinant factor VIIa.

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  • 1Drug Discovery Research, Astellas Pharma Inc, 21 Miyukigaoka, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 305-8585, Japan. seiji.kaku@jp.astellas.com

Abstract

Here, we investigated the anticoagulant effects of darexaban in mice and human plasma in vitro, effects of darexaban in thrombosis and bleeding models in mice, and reversal effects of anti-inhibitor coagulant complex (ACC) and recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) on anticoagulant effects of darexaban. In mice, darexaban inhibited FXa activity in plasma with an ED50 value of 24.8 mg/kg. Both darexaban and warfarin prolonged prothrombin time (PT) at 3 mg/kg and 0.3 mg/kg/day, respectively. PT and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) prolonged by darexaban were dose-dependently reversed by intravenously-administered rFVIIa, significantly so at 1 mg/kg. In a pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) mouse model, both darexaban and warfarin dose-dependently reduced the mortality rate, significantly so at 10 mg/kg and 3 mg/kg/day, respectively. In a FeCl3-induced venous thrombosis (VT) mouse model, darexaban (0.3-10 mg/kg) dose-dependently decreased the thrombus protein content, significantly so at doses of 3 mg/kg or higher. In a tail-transection mouse model, darexaban had no significant effect on the amount of blood loss at doses up to 10 mg/kg, while warfarin showed a dose-dependent increase in blood loss, significantly so from 1 mg/kg/day. Darexaban and its metabolite darexaban glucuronide significantly prolonged PT and aPTT in human plasma in vitro, and while rFVIIa concentration-dependently reversed the prolonged PT in this plasma, ACC dose-dependently reversed both PT and aPTT changes prolonged by darexaban. Taken together, these results suggest that darexaban has a potential to be an oral anticoagulant with a better safety profile than warfarin, and that rFVIIa and ACC may be useful as antidotes to darexaban in cases of overdose.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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