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Clin Chim Acta. 2013 Aug 23;423:35-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2013.04.006. Epub 2013 Apr 13.

Molecular analysis of the dystrophin gene in 407 Chinese patients with Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy by the combination of multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and Sanger sequencing.

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  • 1Department of Neurology and Institute of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China.



Progressive muscular dystrophy is a leading neuromuscular disorder without any effective treatments and a common genetic cause of mortality among teenagers. A challenge exists in the screening of subtle mutations in 79 exons and little is known about the genotype-phenotype correlation.


Here we adopted multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and Sanger sequencing to detect the dystrophin gene in 407 patients and 76 mothers.


Sixty-three percent (257/407) of the patients harbored a deletion or duplication mutation, with a de novo mutation frequency of 39.5% in 76 affected patients, and approximately 43.7% of the deletions occurred from exon 45 to 52. To those patients suspected with single exon deletion, combined with Sanger sequencing, five subtle mutations were identified: c.8608C>T, c.2302C>T, c.7148dupT, c.10855C>T and c.2071-2093del AGGGAACAGATCCTGGTAAAGCA; the last three mutations were novel. Furthermore, after genotype-phenotype analysis, the severity of DMD/BMD was associated with the frame shift mutation but not with the deletion, the duplication or the number of deleted exons.


The majority of patients have a deletion/duplication mutation in the dystrophin gene, with a hot deletion mutation region from exon 45 to 52. Combined with Sanger sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification is capable of detecting part of subtle mutations.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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