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Anesthesiology. 2013 Sep;119(3):703-18. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e31829374c2.

Neuraxial anesthesia in parturients with intracranial pathology: a comprehensive review and reassessment of risk.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Assistant Professor of Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. lleffert@partners.org

Erratum in

  • Anesthesiology. 2014 Apr;120(4):1061.

Abstract

Parturients with intracranial lesions are often assumed to have increased intracranial pressure, even in the absence of clinical and radiographic signs. The risk of herniation after an inadvertent dural puncture is frequently cited as a contraindication to neuraxial anesthesia. This article reviews the relevant literature on the use of neuraxial anesthesia in parturients with known intracranial pathology, and proposes a framework and recommendations for assessing risk of neurologic deterioration, with epidural analgesia or anesthesia, or planned or inadvertent dural puncture. The authors illustrate these concepts with numerous case examples and provide guidance for the practicing anesthesiologist in determining the safety of neuraxial anesthesia.

PMID:
23584382
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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