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Eur Spine J. 2013 Nov;22(11):2382-91. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2776-7. Epub 2013 Apr 12.

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with posteromedial translation: radiologic evaluation with a 3D low-dose system.

Author information

  • 1Pediatric Orthopaedic Department, Robert Debré Hospital, AP-HP, Paris Diderot University, 48 Bd Sérurier, 75019, Paris, France, i_brice@hotmail.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Computed tomography can be used for three-dimensional (3D) evaluation of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients, but at the expense of high radiation exposure, and with the limitation of being performed in the supine position. These drawbacks can now be avoided with low-dose stereoradiography, even in routine clinical use. The purpose of this study was to determine the 3D postoperative correction of AIS patients treated by posteromedial translation.

METHODS:

Forty-nine consecutive patients operated for AIS (Lenke 1-4) using posteromedial translation were included. Corrections were evaluated preoperatively, postoperatively and after at least 2 years using the EOS imaging system. 3D angles were measured in the plane of maximum deformity.

RESULTS:

Mean number of levels fused and operative time were 13.5 ± 1 and 215 ± 25 min, respectively. Main thoracic, proximal thoracic, and lumbar curves corrections averaged 64.4 ± 18, 31 ± 10 and 69 ± 20 %, respectively. Mean T4-T12 kyphosis increased 18.8° ± 9° in the subgroup of hypokyphotic patients. Mean apical vertebral rotation reduction was 48.3 ± 20 %. Trunk height gain averaged 27.8 ± 14 mm. There was no pseudarthrosis or significant loss of correction in any plane during follow-up. Two patients (4 %) developed asymptomatic proximal junctional kyphosis, despite having normal thoracic kyphosis. Their sagittal balance was shifted posteriorly by 36 and 47 mm, respectively, by the operation, but revision surgery was not performed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Low-dose stereoradiography provided 3D reconstructions of the fused and unfused spine in routine clinical use. Postoperative 3D analysis showed that posteromedial translation enhanced sagittal balance correction, without sacrificing frontal or axial correction of the deformity.

Comment in

PMID:
23580058
[PubMed - in process]
PMCID:
PMC3886523
[Available on 2014/11/1]
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