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J Korean Med Sci. 2013 Apr;28(4):620-3. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2013.28.4.620. Epub 2013 Mar 27.

A case of fulminant sclerosing peritonitis presented like acute culture-negative peritonitis and successfully treated with corticosteroid therapy.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.

Abstract

Sclerosing peritonitis is an uncommon complication of peritoneal dialysis. It is characterized by peritoneal fibrosis and sclerosis. The most common clinical presentations of sclerosing peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients are ultrafiltration failure and small bowel obstruction. The prognosis and response to immunosuppressive therapy of sclerosing peritonitis presenting with ultrafiltration failure or small bowel obstruction are poor. Here, we describe the case of a 28-yr-old man with end-stage renal disease on peritoneal dialysis showing fulminant sclerosing peritonitis presented like acute culture-negative peritonitis and was successfully treated with corticosteroid therapy. It is not well recognized that sclerosing peritonitis may present in this way. The correct diagnosis and corticosteroid therapy may be life-saving in a fulminant form of sclerosing peritonitis.

KEYWORDS:

Peritoneal Dialysis; Peritoneal Sclerosis; Peritonitis; Steroids

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